A tree that is helping
save the Bay.
Trees provide innumerable environmental benefits. Along
streams, they reduce bank erosion, cool water temperatures,
reduce polluted runoff, and provide habitat for wildlife
among other things. With the help of dedicated volunteers,
CBF plants trees throughout Pennsylvania, Maryland, and
Virginia. Planting a diverse mix of native tree species helps
ensure a successful outcome at our restoration sites and on your
property. Here are some of our favorites:
The unique bark of an American
sycamore looks like pieces of a puzzle
made from a soldier’s camouflage-patterned uniform—big white,
green, or yellowish blotches covered
here and there by large flecks of
brown. This large shade tree attracts
numerous bird species and likes
The pin oak has become a classic
ornamental tree because of its form,
adaptability, growth rate, longevity,
and fall display. Wood ducks, white-tailed deer, and wild turkey, among
other animals, seek out the pin oak.
Planting trees at a
CBF restoration event
The Keystone 10 Million
The swamp white oak has adapted to
thrive in areas that flood. The oak has
a two-layer root system that can draw
water from the top layer during floods
or the bottom layer during dry times.
These trees can live to be 350 years old.
The swamp white oak produces most of
its acorns during years 75–100!
In the spring, the red maple can be
identified by its ruby red blossoms.
Squirrels eat the fruit and rabbits and
dear come for the shoots and leaves.
The red maple does so well in wet
climates and as streamside (or riparian)
buffers that it is sometimes referred to
as a swamp maple.
The oil in river birch bark is naturally
flammable, and can be used as a fire
starter, even when wet. River birch sap
can be fermented to make birch beer or
vinegar. Historically, river birch leaves
were chewed or used as an infusion in
the treatment of dysentery.
Tulip poplar is planted for reforestation
purposes because of its rapid growth
and the commercial importance of
its wood and is often planted as an
ornamental. The tulip poplar’s fruits
provide food for squirrels in the late fall
and winter months, and white-tailed
deer often browse on the twigs.
The redbud is easiest to identify in
the spring before the leaves even
appear. Purplish-pink blossoms grow
right out of dark bark. These early
blossoms provide nectar for insects and