Committed to Limit Pollution
Last year Maryland vowed to abide by the
new Bay pollution limits. CBF and a number
of our partners have formed the Clean Water,
Healthy Families Campaign to make sure that
Maryland lawmakers who will convene for
their annual session in January are already discussing ways to make this happen.
Once harmful to fish,
Simkins Dam has been
recycled as an oyster reef
and fish haven.
Maryland recreational fishing groups, and
the Maryland Department of Natural
Resources. The Simkins concrete, supplemented with concrete from two other
sources, was placed at the Swan Point section
of the Chester River in late October. Shortly
afterwards, CBF planted 7 million baby oysters called spat-on-shell on the concrete.
Studies Show Benefits of Grazing
Governor O’Malley and the Maryland General
Assembly must provide resources to upgrade
sewage plants and to reduce pollution from
septic systems and contaminated runoff. To support the state’s pollution reduction - plan, CBF
members and the general public are providing
critical grassroots support for efforts to put the
necessary resources and policies in place.
uMore information on the campaign can be
found at www.cleanwaterhealthyfamilies.org.
Dam Becomes an Oyster Reef
For 100 years, Simkins Dam near Ellicott
City thwarted fish movement and spawning
on the Patapsco River. Now, the dam has
been removed by the American Rivers organization. The concrete has been broken up,
cleaned, and used to create an artificial oyster reef at the mouth of the Chester River.
CBF created the new reef, working with
numerous partners, including the National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,
Kent and Queen Anne County watermen,
Jim Stonesifer, 70, is one of the latest
Maryland farmers to come to a startling real-
ization: Farming that is good for the environ-
ment can also be more profitable. This fall,
Stonesifer’s Tomorrow’s Promise Farm, a
dairy farm in Carroll County, became cleaner
and more prosperous.
Stonesifer used to confine all his 200 dairy
cows in one area, feeding them grains.
Manure disposal is a major problem at such
With milk prices plunging a few years ago, and
the cost of fuel, equipment, and grain feed rising, Stonesifer realized he’d do much better
putting his cows out to pasture—farming the
old-fashioned way. Studies by the University of
Studies by the University of Maryland have shown
that farmers who raise their cows or cattle on
pasture can make significantly more profits than
Maryland have shown farmers who raise their
cows or cattle on pasture can make significantly more profits than confinement farmers.
CBF and other partners involved in the
Maryland Grazers Network (see page 30)
helped Stonesifer make the transition. The
Network, created by CBF, helps farmers
interested in pasture farming get technical
and financial assistance. Volunteers organized by CBF also are expected to help plant
800 trees and shrubs along stream banks on
Stonesifer’s property. Trees and other vegetation buffer streams from farm pollution, and
provide other benefits, including the cooler
water temperatures preferred by trout.
u To learn more on CBF’s work in Maryland,
visit cbf.org/Maryland or call 410/268-8816.
The Swan Point oyster reef in the Chester River was built on concrete from the Simkins Dam. Here, contractors blast the pieces of concrete
from a barge at the site, using water cannons.